Carbontetrachloride (CCl4)is a colorless liquid insoluble in water. It was one of the first organic chemicals to be produced on a large scale. Nowadays, it is usually produced by the chlorination of methane at high temperature. It is very toxic and narcotic. Its usage has dramatically decreased in recent years due to its toxicity, but it is still used on a small scale as a solvent.
Its physical characteristics are as follows:
|Molecular weight: 153.8||Critical temperature: 556.35 K|
|Melting point: 250.25 K||Critical pressure: 4.560 MPa|
|Normal boiling point:349.85 K||Critical density: 588 kg/m3|
Beaton, C. F. and Hewitt, G. F. (1989) Physical Property Data for the Design Engineer, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, New York. DOI: 10.1016/0300-9467(89)80011-5