A-to-Z Guide to Thermodynamics,
Heat & Mass Transfer, and Fluids Engineering
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Hydrochloric acid is hydrogen chloride (HC1) in aqueous solution. It is a colorless, fuming liquid that comes in different industrial grades depending on the concentration of hydrogen chloride, which has a molecular weight of 36.46. The concentrated, fuming acid contains 35-38% hydrogen chloride and has a specific gravity of 1.19. It is a strong and corrosive acid, which is highly toxic.

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