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We have been using the concepts of the bidirectional reflection distribution function (BRDF) and bidirectional transmission distribution function (BTDF) for a rough surface. In this section, it is necessary to extend the concepts to a layer of general scattering medium. If a layer of media is illuminated by a monodirectional source light from the top, the scattered light will exit the layer from either the top (reflection) or bottom (transmission) of the layer. Then, the BRDF for the scattering layer is defined by the reflected ligh ...

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