Phenol (C6H5OH) is a white crystalline solid of distinctive odor. It used to be known as carbolic acid, as it was first isolated from coal tar. There are a number of processes for its production using cumene or benzene as a starting material. It is very toxic and contact with skin causes burns. Its main usage is in organic synthesis for the production of resins, pharmaceuticals, dyes and paints.
|Molecular weight: 94.1 K||Critical temperature: 693.2 K|
|Melting point: 313.90 K||Critical pressure: 6.130 MPa|
|Normal boiling point: 454.95 K||Critical density: 435.7 kg/m3|
Note. The values of thermophysical properties have been obtained from reference. C. F. Beaton, G. F. Hewitt—Physical Property Data for the Design Engineer, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation. New York, 1989.