**Head of the Centre for Automotive Engineering**

M.R.Heikal@brighton.ac.uk

ThermodynamicsのA-Zガイド、熱&アンプ、質量移動、流体工学

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Begell House
**Head of the Centre for Automotive Engineering**

M.R.Heikal@brighton.ac.uk

**Advanced Engineering Centre, School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics,
University of Brighton, Brighton, BN2 4GJ, UK**

Automotive Engineering

Cockcroft Building, Lewes RoadBrightonBN2 4GJ, United Kingdom

Turbulence, Turbulence models, Thermodynamics of Combustion, Heat exchangers

Society of Automotive Engineering (SAE) and current chairman of the UK Universities Internal Combustion Engines Group (UnICEG)

Professor Morgan Heikal heads up the Advanced Engineering Centre (AEC) based at the Sir Harry Ricardo Laboratories (SHRL) within the University of Brighton. This vibrant centre produces groundbreaking research into internal combustion engines and the development of laser-based diagnostic measurement techniques, which are fundamental to modelling and computational simulation.

Examples of his international involvement include his appointment as a Senior Visiting Professor at the Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP), Malaysia, membership of the Scientific Council of the International Centre for Heat and Mass Transfer (ICHMT), chairing and organising international meetings, and giving keynote presentations.

Examples of his international involvement include his appointment as a Senior Visiting Professor at the Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP), Malaysia, membership of the Scientific Council of the International Centre for Heat and Mass Transfer (ICHMT), chairing and organising international meetings, and giving keynote presentations.

P J Walklate, M R Heikal and A P Hatton (1976) Measurement and prediction of turbulence and heat transfer in the entrance region of a pipe. Proc I Mech E , vol 190, 37/76, 1976.

2 M R Heikal, P J Walklate and P A Hatton (1977) The effect of free stream turbulence on heat transfer in the entrance region of an annulus. Int J Heat Mass Transfer, Vol 20, pp 763-771, 1977

3 M R Heikal and A P Hatton (1978) Predictions and measurements of non- axisymmetric turbulent diffusion in an annular channel. Int J Heat Mass Transfer, Vol. 21, pp 841-848, 1978.

4 M R Heikal, R S Benson and W J D Annand (1979) A model for turbulent flame propagation speed in S I engines. International Conference on Fuel Economy and Emission of Lean Burn Engines, I Mech E, London, 12-14 June 1979.

5 M R Heikal and T A Cowell (1984) Engineering laboratory teaching- a case for co- ordination. Proceedings of Conference on Teaching Thermodynamics, Cambridge University, Sep. 1984.

6 Teaching Thermodynamics, edited by J D Lewins, Plenum Press, 1985, pp103-116 , ISBN 0-306-42207-7.

7 M R Heikal and J A Kearsey (1985) A microcomputer based fast data acquisition and processing system for a low speed wind tunnel. SEFI Annual Conference, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, 18-20 Sep 1985

8 Engineering Heat Transfer, preparation of the S I edition, Van Nostrand, 1987, ISBN 0-278-00051-7.

9 M R Heikal and T A Cowell* (1987) Open ended laboratory work. Teaching Study Skills Workshop, University of London, 1987

10 M R Heikal and R S Benson* (1987) A review of models for the prediction of flame propagation speed in S I Engines. UnICEG Seminar, Loughborough University, 1987

11 T A Cowell, M R Heikal and A Antonio (1988) The response of hot-wire anemometer probes at very low velocities. Proceedings 2nd U K National Heat Transfer Conference, Glasgow, 14-16 Sep. 1988, pp 1607-1622.

12 M R Heikal, A Antonio and T A Cowell. A rig for the calibration of hot wire anemometers at very low speeds. Int J Experimental Heat Transfer, Vol 1, no 2, pp 221-223

13 T A Cowell and M R Heikal. An experimental rig for the demonstration of pool boiling. Int J Mech Eng Education, Vol 14, No 2, pp 107-118

14 M Abu-Madi, R A Johns and M R Heikal, (1988) Performance characteristics correlation for round tube and plate fin heat exchangers. Int. J. of Refrigeration, Vol. 21, No 7, PP 507-517, 1988

15 M R Heikal, T A Cowell and A Antonio (1990) Measurements of local velocity and turbulence levels in arrays of louvred plate fins. Proceedings 9th Int Heat Mass Transfer Conference, Jerusalem, Vol 4, pp 105-110, 1990.

16 Heat Exchanger Engineering, vol 2, Edited by E A Foumeny and P J Heggs, chapter 9, pp 165-184, Ellis Horwood, 1991, ISBN 0-13-382391-1

17 M R Heikal and K A Peeling (1991) An integrating role for the microcomputer in engineering education. Proceedings I Mech E, J. of Power and Energy, vol 205, part A, No 1, pp37-41,1991

18 T A Cowell, A Achiachia and M R Heikal (1991) Flow and heat transfer characteristics of louvred fins. I Chem E Sym, Compact Heat Exchanger Technology, Leeds, July 1991

19 M R Heikal, T A Cowell and J D Ewles (1991) Measurement of local and average heat transfer coefficients using the thin film, mass transfer analogue and video image processing techniques. EUROTHERM 25 Conference, 8-10 July 1991, Pau, France

20 A Slater, A W Self, W Webb and M R Heikal (1992) Plant efficiency and energy management - the perfect match. IEE Third International Conference on Factory 2000, York, July 1992

21 A Yu, M R Heikal and T A Cowell (1992) The fin efficiency of round tube and plate fin surfaces with and without louvres. Proceedings 3rd U K National Heat Transfer Conference, Birmingham, September 1992, pp 773-780

22 T A Cowell, M R Heikal, and A Achiachia (1993) Flow and heat transfer in compact louvred fin surfaces. Proceedings 1st Int Conference on Aerospace Heat Exchanger Technology, Palo Alto, U S A, February 1993, pp 549-560

23 T A Cowell, M R Heikal, and A Achaichia (1993) The optimisation of cross flow heat exchangers. I Chem E Sym, Compact Heat Exchanger Technology, Leeds, March 1993.

24 A Achaichia, M R Heikal, Y Suliman and T A Cowell, (1994) Numerical investigation of flow and friction in louvred fin arrays. 10th Int. Heat Transfer Conference, August 1994, Brighton

25 P S Sharkey, M R Heikal, T A Cowell and N Taylor (1994) Computational and experimental investigation of charge air flow in a vehicle intercooler system.10th Int. Heat Transfer Conference, August 1994, Brighton

26 T A Cowell, M R Heikal, and A Achaichia, (1994) Flow and heat transfer in louvred flat and corrugated fins. Int J Experimental Thermal and Fluid Sci., Vol 10, pp192- 1994

27 K Atkinson, R Drakulic and M R Heikal* (1995) Numerical modelling of flow and heat transfer over louvred plate fin arrays in heat exchangers. 4th Star-CD European User Group Meeting, London, Nov. 1995

28 M Abu-Madi, R A Johns and M R Heikal (1995) The performance of compact finned tube evaporators in automotive air conditioning systems using non-ozone depleting refrigerants. Transactions of I Mech E , 4th National Conference on Heat Transfer , 26-27

29 R A Johns, M Abu-Madie and M R Heikal (1995) The performance of non-Ozone depleting refrigerants in Condensers and evaporators. Proceedings Institute of Ref. Conf. on Marine Refrigeration, London, June 1995

30 C A McNab, M R Heikal and N I A Haidar (1995) Pressure losses in flat oval tubes with plain and perforated corrugated internal fins. Proceedings of the I Mech E / SAE 2nd Int. Conf. Vehicle Thermal Management Systems (VTMS 2), London, May 1995

31 P S Sharkey, N Taylor and M R Heikal (1995) An iterative procedure for the optimum design of heat exchanger manifolds. Proceedings of the I Mech E / SAE 2nd Int. Conf. Vehicle Thermal Management Systems (VTMS 2), London, May 1995

32 M Abu-Madi, R A Johns and M R Heikal (1995) The effect of refrigerant properties on the design of automotive air conditioning systems. Proceedings of the I Mech E / SAE 2nd Int. Conf. Vehicle Thermal Management Systems (VTMS 2), London, May 1995

33 N S Jackson, J Stokes, M R Heikal and J H Downie (1995) A dynamic water flow visualisation rig for automotive combustion system development. SAE paper 950728, Detroit, USA, Feb 27- March 2 1995

34 K N Atkinson ,R Drakulic, and M R Heikal (1996) Numerical prediction of the performance characteristics of louvred fin arrays in compact heat exchangers. Paper presented a the open forum of the 2nd European Thermal-Sciences & 14th UIT National Heat

35 M R Heikal, M A Faure, and N S Jackson (1996) PIV Measurement and characterisation of flow in combustion engines. 8th Int. Symposium on Applications of laser techniques to fluid mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal, 8-11 July 1996

36 M A Faure, M R Heikal, and N Jackson, (1996) 3-Dimentional in-cylinder flow maps using 2D PIV System. Proc I Mech E Int. Seminar on Optical Methods and Data Processing in Heat and Fluid Flow, City Univ., London, 18-19 April 1996

37 M Abu-Madie, R A Johns, and M R Heikal (1996) The performance of air conditioning evaporators in hot and humid environments with non-ozone depleting refrigerants. Proc of the Air Conditioning in the Gulf Conf., UAE University, United Arab Emirates,

38 S M Sapsford, M R Heikal, and M A Faure* (1996) The CCVS stratified charge combustion system: Comparison of VECTIS CFD analysis and dynamic flow measurements. VECTIS International User Group Meeting, Detroit, Feb 29, 1996

39 N S Jackson, J Stokes, T H Lake, S M Sapsford, M R Heikal, and I Denbratt, (1996) Understanding the CCVS stratified EGR combustion system. SAE paper No 960837, Detroit, USA, Feb 26-29, 1996

40 R E Morgan, N J Owen, M R Heikal and S G Cox, (1997) Measurement and prediction of coolant velocity in internal combustion engine cooling systems. 5th U K National Heat Transfer Conf., 17-18 Sep. 1997. Imperial College, London

41 S G Cox, J H Downie, M R Heikal and T A Cowell, (1997) A novel method for investigating the performance characteristics of variable louvre angle plate fins. 5th U K National Heat Transfer Conference, 17-18 Sep. 1997. Imperial College, London

42 S S Sazin, E M Sazina, M R Heikal and Y Ioannou, (1997) Numerical analysis of thermal radiation transfer in grey and non-grey gases. Numerical methods for thermal problems, 10 , PP45-56. Proceedings of the Tenth Int. Conference on Numerical Methods for

43 N S Jackson, J Stokes, M Sadler, M R Heikal, M Faure and L Pommier (1997) Correlation of the combustion characteristics of spark ignition engines with the in-cylinder flow field characterised using PIV in a water analogue rig. SAE i international

44 R K Shah, M R Heikal and B Thonon, (1977) Advances in numerical analysis of heat transfer and flow friction characteristics in compact heat exchanger surfaces. Key note paper, International Sym. On Advances in Computational Heat Transfer, Cesme, Turkey, 2

45 N S Jackson, J Stokes, M Sadler, M R Heikal, M Faure and L Pommier (1997) Correlation of the combustion characteristics of spark ignition engines with the in- cylinder flow field characterised using PIV in a water analogue rig. Transactions of SAE,

46 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina, M R Heikal, C Maroney, (1998) A new mathematical formulation of the Shell autoignition model. Seventh Int. Conference on Numerical Combustion (30 March- 1 April 1998) , York, Abstracts, P 113

47 X Boussieux, R A Johns and M R Heikal (1998) Heat transfer and pressure loss for non-ozone depleting refrigerants. Proc. 11th Int Heat Transfer Conference, Kyongjiu, Korea, 23-28 August 1998, Vol 6, pp 409-414

48 C McNab, M R Heikal and K Atkinson Numerical modelling of fluid flow and heat transfer over corrugated herringbone fins. Proc. 11th Int Heat Transfer Conference, Kyongjiu, Korea, 23-28 August 1998, Vol 6,pp 119-124

49 K N Atkinson, R Drakulic, M R Heikal and C McNab Applications of numerical flow modelling to high-performance heat transfer surfaces. Proc. 11th Int Heat Transfer Conference, Kyongjiu, Korea, 23-28 August 1998, Vol 5, pp 333-338

50 X Boissieux, R A Johns, and M R Heikal, Measurements of local heat transfer coefficients during the evaporation of 404A inside a horizontal tube. Proceedings of the Eurotherm Seminar No 26- Heat Transfer in Condensation and Evaportation, Grenoble, Fran

51 G R Fish, M R Heikal, and R A Johns,* Application of CFD techniques to the design of automotive charge air coolers. Paper presented in the poster session , 11th Int Heat Trans. Conf. , Cyongjiu, Korea, 23-28 August 1998

52 E M Sazhina, S S Sazhin, M R Heikal and C Marooney, (1998) The Shell autoignition model: Application to gasoline and Diesel fuels. Proceedings of the 27th International Symposium on Combustion, USA, 1998

53 M A Faure, M Sadler, K K Oversby, J Stokes, S M Begg, L S Pommier, and M R Heikal, (1998) Application of LDA and PIV techniques to the validation of a CFD model of a direct injection gasoline engine. SAE Transactions 1998, Vol 107. J. of Engines, Section

54 K N Atkinson, R Drakulic, M R Heikal and T A Cowell (1998) Two-and three dimensional- numerical models of flow and heat transfer over louvred fin arrays in compact heat exchangers. Int J Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 41, PP 4063-4080, 1998

55 A Faure, M Sadler, K K Oversby, J Stokes, S M Begg, L S Pommier, and M R Heikal (1998) Application of LDA and PIV techniques to the validation of a CFD model of a direct injection gasoline engine. SAE Fuels and Lubricants Conference, October 1998, SAE p

56 O V Achasov, S A Labuda, S M Begg, M R Heikal, S Savich and S S Sazhin (1999) Gas Dynamically controlled combustion in gas mixtures: application to internal combustion engines. Proceedings of the International Seminar ?Conversion of Scientific rese

57 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina and M R Heikal (1999) The Shell autoignition model: application to a Diesel engine. Proceedings of the Mediterranian Combustion Symposium, Antalya, Turkey, June 20-25, Ed F Beretta, Section 4, pp 336-346

58 S G Cox, N J Owen, M R Heikal and R A Johns (1999) A Neural network model for the heat transfer performance of round tube and plate fin heat exchangers, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference ? Vehicle Thermal Management Systems?, London 2

59 S P Edwards, S M Sapsford, J Stokes, M Sadler, M R Gold, M A Faure, M R Heikal and P J Bowen, (1999) Tools and Techniques for G-DI Engine Development, Seminar on ?Gasoline Direct Injection Engines? Karlsruhe University, Essen, 16-17 November 1999

60 Goldfarb, V Goldstein, G Feng, M R Heikal, G Kuzmenko, and S Sazhin (1999) Thermal Radiation Effects of the Evaporation and Initial Combustion of Fuel Droplets, 15th Annual Symposium of the Israeli Section of the Combustion Institute, Haifa, Israel, Dec

61 X Boissieux, R A Johns and , M R Heikal (1999) Two-phase heat transfer of non-ozone depleting refrigerant-oil mixtures, 20th International Congress of Refrigeration, IIR/IIF, Sydney, Sept. 1999

62 O V Achasov, S A Labuda, S M Begg, M R Heikal, A Savic and S S Sazhin (1999) Gas dyanamically controlled combustion in gas mixtures: Application to internal combustion. Proceedings, International Seminar on Conversion Scientific Research in Belarus Withi

63 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina and M R Heikal (1999) Modelling of gas to droplets radiative exchange. Progress in Engineering Heat Ttransfer, Eds. B Groshal, J Mikielewicz, B Sunden, IFFM Publishers, ( Proceedings of 3rd Baltic Heat Transfer Conference. Gdans

64 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina and M R Heikal (1999) The Shell autoignition model: application to a Diesel engine. Proceedings of the Mediterranian Combustion Symposium, Antalya, Turkey, June 20-25, Ed F Beretta, Section 4, pp 336-346

65 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina, M R Heikal, C Maroney and S V Mikalovsky (1999) The Shell autoignition model: a new numerical formulation. Combustion and Flame, Vol 117, part 3, 529-540,1999

66 E M Sazhina, S S Sazhin, M R Heikal, and C Marooney (1999), The Shell autoignition model: application to gasoline and Diesel fuels. Fuel, Vol 78, Issue 4, ISSN 0016-2361, PP 389-401

67 D Kennaird, C Cura, M Heikal, R Morgan, F Bar and S Sapsford (2000) A new high pressure diesel spray research facility, International conference on Computational and experimental methods in reciprocating engines, 1-2 November, 2000, London

68 R E Morgan, D Kennaird, M R Heikal and F Bar (2000) Characterisation of a high- pressure diesel fuel spray at elevated pressures. Proceedings of THIESEL?2000, ?Thermodynamic Processes in Diesel Engines?, Valencia, 13-15 September 2000, pp 87-94

69 E M Sazhina, S S Sazhin, M R Heikal and M E A Bardsley ( 2000) The P-1 model for thermal radiation transfer: application to numerical modelling of combustion processes in Diesel engines. Proceedings of the 16th IMACS World Congress 2000 on Scientif

70 S S Sazhin, G Feng, S Savich, E M Sazhina, M R Heikal, I Goldfarb, V Gol?dshtein,and G Kuzmenko (2000) Modelling of the fuel spray penetration and ignition process (abstract). Proceedings of the 28th International Symposium on C

71 X Boissieux, and M R Heikal (2000) Heat transfer of HFC refrigerant/oil mixtures during evaporation and condensation in horizontal tubes. Proceedings of the 2000 International Refrigeration and Condensation Conference, Purdue Univ., July 25-28

72 E M Sazhina, S S Sazhin, M R Heikal, V I Babushok, and R Johns (2000) A detailed modelling of the spray ignition process in Diesel engines, Combustion Sci. and Tech., Vol. 160, pp 317-344

73 S S Sazhin, G Feng, M R Heikal, I Goldfarb, V Gol?dshtein, and G Kuzmenko, (2000) Thermal Analysis of a Monodispersed Spray with Radiation, Combustion and Flame, Vol 125, pp684-701

74 S J Chowdhury, S M Sapsford, S S Sazhin and M R Heikal (2000) Numerical study of turbulent swirling flow in a combustion chamber (abstract). Proceedings of the 28th International Symposium on Combustion. Edinburgh

75 X Boissieux, M R Heikal and R A Johns (2000) Two-phase heat transfer coefficients of three HFC refrigerants inside a horizontal smooth tube- Part II: Condensation. Int. J. of Refrigeration, Vol 23/5, pp345-352, 2000

76 X Boissieux, M R Heikal and R A Johns (2000) Two-phase heat transfer coefficients of three HFC refrigerants inside a horizontal smooth tube- Part I: Evaporation, Int. J. of Refrigeration, Vol 23, pp269-283, 2000

77 R K Shah, M R Heikal, B Thonon (2000) Progress in the numerical analysis of compact heat exchanger surfaces, Advances in Heat Transfer, Vol. 34, Academic Press New York, (2000).

78 A N Pavlov, S S Sazhin, R P Fedorenko and M R Heikal (2000), A conservative difference method and its application for the analysis of a transient flow around a square prism. J. Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol 10, No 1, pp 6-46, 2000. (Outst

79 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina and M R Heikal (2000) Modelling of the gas to fuel droplets radiative exchange. Fuel, Vol 79, PP1843- 1852

80 Sazhin, S.S., Heikal, M.R., Dombrovsky, L.A. and Pozorski, J. (2001) New approaches to analytical and numerical modelling of fuel sprays. In: Proceedings of the 1st IMechE Automotive Division Southern Centre Conference on Total Vehicle Technology (Challen

81 S M El-Hawat, M R Heikal, S S Sazhin (2001) Three-dimensional numerical modelling of flow and heat transfer over louvred fin arrays, Proceedings CHT?01 Advances in computational heat transfer II, Palm Cove, Queensland, Australia, pp 325-331

82 S Savic, S M Begg, G Feng, M R Heikal and S Sazhin (2001) Probability distribution for modelling in-cylinder air velocities in a G-DI internal combustion engine, Proceedings of the Total Vehicle Technology Conference, Univ.of Sussex, 18th 19th Sep,

83 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina, G. Feng, M R Heikal, I Goldfarb, V Gol?dshtein, and G Kuzmenko (2001) Modelling of heat transfer and ignition processes in a diesel spray, 2nd ICHMT Symposium on Advances in Computational Heat Transfer, 20-25 May 2001, Palm Co

84 S S Sazhin, J Pozorski, S Petrovich, Z Jovanovich (2001) Fuel spray penetration modelling in diesel engines, Proc. 6th Int. Scientific and Professional Conference on Power Sources and Transfer, Power sources and transfer IPS 2001, pp 221-226, Montenegro,

85 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina, M R Heikal, L A Dombrovsky, P A Krutitskii, J Pozorski, and S Petrovic (2001) Modelling of Fluid Dynamics, heat transfer and combustion processes in diesel engines, Proceedings of Automotive Engineering for Improved Safety

86 Shah, R.K., Heikal, M.R., Thonon, B and Tochon, P (2001) Progress in the numerical analysis of compact heat exchanger surfaces. Advances in Heat Transfer, 34. pp. 363-443. ISSN 0065-2717

87 El-Hawat, S.M., Heikal, M.R. and Sazhin, S (2001) An improved three dimensional numerical model of flow and heat transfer over louvred fin arrays. International Journal of Heat Exchangers, II. pp. 37-44

88 Gold, M.R., Stokes, J, Morgan, R.E., Heikal, M.R., Begg, S.M. and De Sercey, G (2001) Air-fuel mixing in a homogeneous charge DI gasoline engine. SAE Transactions 2001, Journal of Fuels & Lubricants, 110 (4). pp. 827-835

89 Sazhin, S, Kaplanski, F, Feng, G, Heikal, M.R. and Bowen, P.J. (2001) A fuel spray induced vortex ring. Fuel, 80 (13). pp. 1871-1883. ISSN 0016-2361

90 Dombrovsky, L.A., Sazhin, Sergei, Sazhina, Elena M., Feng, G., Heikal, Morgan R., Bardsley, M.E.A. and Mikhalovsky, S.V. (2001) Heating and evaporation of semi-transparent diesel fuel droplets in the presence of thermal radiation. Fuel, 80 (11). pp. 1535-

91 Sazhin, S.S., Feng, G. and Heikal, M.R. (2001) A model for fuel spray penetration. Fuel, 80 (15). pp. 2171-2180. ISSN 0016-2361

92 Pozorski, J, Sazhin, S, Waclawczyk, M, Crua, C, Kennaird, D and Heikal, M.R. (2002) Spray penetration in a turbulent flow. Flow, turbulence and combustion, 68 (2). pp. 153-165. ISSN 1573-1987

93 O Laguitton, M Gold, J Stokes, M Bates, R Wood, M Heikal (2001), Parametric piston bowl design and testing for the optimisation of air motion in gasoline direct injection engines. Haus Der Technik Fachbuch 10, Direkteinspritzung im Ottomotor III, pp 23

94 R E Morgan, J B Wray, D Kennaird, C Crua and M R Heikal (2001) The influence of injector parameters on the formation and break up of a diesel spray, AE paper 2001-01-0529

95 M Gold, J Stokes, R Morgan, M Heikal, S Begg, and G de Sercey (2001) Air fuel mixing in a homogeneous charge DI gasoline engine, SAE Paper 2001-01 0968

96 S S Sazhin, G Feng and M R Heikal (2001) A Model for Fuel spray penetration, Fuel, Vol 80 Issue 15, pp 2171-2180

97 S S Sazhin, V A Gol?dshtein and M R Heikal (2001) A Transient formulation of Newton?s cooling law for spherical bodies, ASME J. Heat Transfer, Vol. 123, pp 63-64

98 S S Sazhin, V Goldstein and M R Heikal ( 2001) A transient formulation of Newton?s cooling law for spherical bodies, Transactions of ASME, J Heat Transfer, Vol 123, pp63-64

99 Sazhin, S.S., Sazhina, E.M., Heikal, M.R., Krutitskii, P.A., Dombrovsky, L.A. and Pozorski, J. (2002) Modelling of diesel fuel sprays: penetration, heating, autoignition. In: Mansour, M.S. and Kamel, M., ed. Proceedings of the Second Mediterranean Combust

100 Sazhin, S.S., Dombrovsky, L.A., Krutitskii, P.A., Sazhina, E.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2002) Analytical and numerical modelling of convective and radiative heating of fuel droplets in diesel engines. In: Proceedings of the Twelfth International Heat Transfer C

101 De Sercey, G., Heikal, Morgan R., Gold, M., Begg, S.M., Wood, R., Awcock, G.J. and Laguitton, O. (2002) On the use of laser-induced fluorescence for the measurement of in-cylinder air?fuel ratios. Proceedings of the I MECH E part C Journal of mechanical

102 Osborne, R. J., Li, G., Sapsford, S. M., Stokes, J., Lake, T. H., and Heikal, M. R., (2002). HCCI in the DI Gasoline Engine: Experiments and Modelling, 11th Aachen Colloquium. Aachen, October 7-9, 2002

103 Mason D, Douch N, Heikal M R (2002) Air side fouling of compact heat exchangers, Total Vehicle Technology (TVT) 2002, Sussex University, 11 - 12 November

104 Lacoste J, Kennaird D, Begg S, Heikal M R (2002) Phase Doppler anemometry measurements of diesel spray, Total Vehicle Technology (TVT) 2002, Sussex University, 11 - 12 November

105 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina, M R Heikal, P A Krutitskii, L A Dombrovsky, and J Pozorski (2002) Modelling of diesel fuel sprays: penetration, heating, autoignition, Proceedings of the second Mediterranean Combustion Symposium, 6-11 January, Sharm El-Sheik

106 Laguitton O, Gold M, Kennaird D, Crua C, Lacoste J, Heikal M (2002) Spray development and combustion characteristics for common rail diesel injection systems, Fuel Injection Systems Conference, IMechE, London, 26-27 November, Paper No C610/012/2003

107 S Sazhin, L A Dombrovski, E M Sazhina, M R Heikal (2002) New models for convective and radiative heating of fuel droblets: application to numerical simulation of combustion processes in diesel engines, Proceedings 9th Int.Conference on Numerical Com

108 S M El-Hawat, E M Sazhina, and M R Heikal (2002) Three-dimensional numerical modelling of flow and heat transfer over louvered fin arrays, 3rd Russian National Heat and Mass Transfer, Moscow, October, (poster presentation)

109 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina, and M R Heikal (2002) Modelling of diesel fuel sprays: penetration and autoignition, 3rd Russian National Heat and Mass Transfer, Moscow, October, (poster presentation)

110 L A Dombrovsky, S S Sazhin, and M R Heikal (2002) A model for computation of radiative characteristics of diesel fuel droplets, Proceedings 3rd Russian National Heat and Mass Transfer, V. 6, pp. 262-265

111 M Bates and M R Heikal (2002) A Parametric Inlet Port Design Tool for Multi-Valve Diesel Engines, I Mech E Conference - Statistics and Analytical Methods in Automotive Engineering, I Mech E, London

112 M Gold, J Stokes, R Morgan, M Heikal, S Begg, and G de Sercey (2002) Air fuel mixing in a homogeneous charge DI gasoline engine, 2001 SAE Transactions, J. of Fuels and Lubricants, Vol. 110, Section 4, pp 827-835

113 D A Kennaird, C. Crua, J Lacoste, M R Heikal, M R Gold and N S Jackson In-Cylinder penetration and break-up of diesel sprays using a common-rail, injection system, SAE Spring Fuels and Lubricants., May 2002, Reno, Nevada,Paper No 2002 01-1626

114 R Morgan, J Wray, D A Kennaird, C Crua, M Heikal (2002) The influence of injector parameters on the formation and break-up of a diesel spray, 2001 SAE Transactions- Journal of Engines 110 (3): 389-399, ISBN 0-7680-110-0

115 M Gold, J Stokes, R Morgan, M Heikal, G De Sercey, S Begg (2002) Air-fuel mixing in homogeneous charge DI gasoline engine, 2001 SAE Transactions J. of Fuels and Lubricants 110 (4):827-835

116 M Bates and M R Heikal (2002) A Knowledge-based model for multi-valve diesel engineering inlet port design, SAE Spring Fuels and Lubricants meeting, May 6-9, Reno, Nevada, Paper No 2002-01 1747

117 Dombrovsky LA, Sazhin SS, Heikal MR (2003) A model for computation of radiative characteristics of diesel fuel droplets, Proceedings 3rd Russian National Heat and Mass Transfer Conference 6: 262-265

118 Sazhin SS, Sazhina EM, Heikal MR (2003) Modelling of diesel fuel sprays: penetration and autoignition, 3rd Russian National Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, 21 - 23 October

119 Heikal MR (2003) Correlation of PIV and LDA measurement of flow characteristics in gasoline engines, 3rd Russian National Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, 21 - 23 October

120 El-Hawat SM, Heikal MR, Sazhin SS (2003) Three-dimensional numerical modelling of flow and heat transfer over louvred fin arrays, 3rd Russian National Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, 21 - 23 October

121 Crua C; Evans JC; Kennaird DA; Heikal MR. (2003) In-cylinder study of the formation, autoignition and soot production of Diesel sprays at elevated pressures, ICLASS 2003, 9th International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems p.14-2,

122 Sazhin SS, Crua C, Heikal M (2003) Fuel spray penetration: modelling and experiments, Towards Cleaner Diesel Emissions Symposium, pp.22-23, Mierlo, Eindhoven, Netherlands 5 - 6 June

123 Sazhin, S.S. and Heikal, M.R. (2003) Transient convective and radiative heating of diesel fuel droplets. In: Padet, J. and Arin?, F., ed. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Transient Convective Heat and Mass Transfer in Single and Two-Phase fl

124 Sazhin S, Crua C, Kennaird D, Heikal M (2003) The initial stage of fuel spray penetration. Fuel 82: 875-885

125 Osborne, R J, Li, G, Sapsford, S M, Stokes, J, Lake T H and Heikal M R (2003) Evaluation of HCCI for future gasoline powertrains, SAE congress, Detroit, Paper No 2003-01-0750

126 Crua, C, Kennaird, D A, Sazhin S S, Heikal M R (2003) Diesel autoignition at elevated in-cylinder pressures, Int J of Engine Research, Vol, 5(4): 365-374

127 Lacoste, J., Crua, C, Heikal, M.R., Kennaird, D and Gold, M.R. (2003) PDA characterization of dense diesel sprays using a common-rail injection system. SAE transactions, 112 (4). pp. 2074-2085. ISSN 0096-736X

128 Osborne, R.J., Li, G., Sapsford, S.M., Stokes, J., Lake, T.H. and Heikal, Morgan R. (2003) Evaluation of HCCI for future gasoline powertrains. SAE Transactions, 112 (3). pp. 1101-1118. ISSN 0096-736X

129 Morgan, R.E., Gold, M.R., Laguitton, O., Crua, C and Heikal, M.R. (2003) Characterization of the soot formation processes in a high pressure combusting diesel fuel spray. SAE transactions, 112 (4). pp. 2086-2094. ISSN 0096-736X

130 Dombrovsky, L.A., Sazhin, Sergei, Mikhalovsky, S.V., Wood, R. and Heikal, Morgan R. (2003) Spectral properties of diesel fuel droplets. Fuel, 82 (1). pp. 15-22. ISSN 0016-2361

131 Sazhin, S, Crua, C, Kennaird, D and Heikal, M.R. (2003) The initial stage of fuel spray penetration. Fuel, 82 (8). pp. 875-885. ISSN 0016-2361

132 Crua, C, Kennaird, D and Heikal, M.R. (2003) Laser-induced incandescence study of diesel soot formation in a rapid compression machine at elevated pressures. Combustion and flame, 135 (4). pp. 475-488. ISSN 0010-2180

133 Crua, C., Heikal, M.R., Gold, M. (2004) Diesel spray formation, autoignition and soot production at elevated in-cylinder pressures, 12th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal, Paper No. 500

134 Sazhin, S, Abdelghaffar, W.A., Krutitskii, P.A., Sazhina, E.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2004) Numerical modelling of droplet transient heating and evaporation. In: 5th Minsk International Heat and Mass Transfer Forum, May 24-28, Minsk, Belarus. Section 6: Heat a

135 Sazhin, S.S., Krutitskii, P.A., Abdelghaffar, W.A., Sazhina, E.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2004) Transient heating of droplets. In: Proceedings of 3rd International Symposium on Two-Phase Flow Modelling and Experimentation. Begell House, Inc., Pisa, Italy

136 Sazhin, S.S., Krutitskii, P.A., Abdelghaffar, W.A., Sazhina, E.M., Mikhalovsky, S.V., Meikle, S.T. and Heikal, M.R. (2004) Transient heating of diesel fuel droplets. International Journal of Heat Mass Transfer, 47. pp. 3327-3340

137 Crua, C., Kennaird, D.A., Sazhin, S.S., Heikal, M.R. and Gold, M.R. (2004) Diesel autoignition at elevated in-cylinder pressures. International Journal of Engine Research, 5 (4). pp. 365-374

138 Sazhin, S.S., Krutitskii, P.A., Abdelghaffar, W.A., Sazhina, E.M., Mikhalovsky, S.V., Meikle, S.T. and Heikal, M.R. (2004) Transient heating of diesel fuel droplets. International journal of heat and mass transfer, 47 (14-16). pp. 3327-3340. ISSN 0017-931

139 Crua, C., Kennaird, D., Sazhin, S.S., Heikal, M.R. and Gold, M.R. (2004) Diesel autoignition at elevated in-cylinder pressures. International Journal of Engine Research, 5 (4). pp. 365-374. ISSN 1468-0874

140 Martynov, S.B., Mason, D.J., Heikal, M.R. (2005) Hydrodynamic similarity of cavitation flows in nozzles, Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Multiphase Flow, Heat Transfer and Energy Conversion, Paper No. 193

141 Abdelghaffar, W.A., Heikal, M.R., Sazhin, S.S., Sazhina, E.M. (2005) Advanced gas-droplets heat transfer models and their applications, International Symposium on Heat and Mass Transfer in Spray Systems, Turkey (10.05.2005)

142 Sazhin, S.S., Krutitskii, P.A., Martynov, S.B., Mason, D., Heikal, M.R. and Sazhina, E.M. (2005) Transient heating of semitransparent droplet. In: Proceedings of HEFAT2005 (4th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics)

143 Sazhin, S, Crua, C, Hwang, J.S, No, S.Y. and Heikal, M.R. (2005) Models of fuel spray penetration. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Engineering, 11 (2). pp. 154-160

144 Abdelghaffar, W.A., Sazhin, S.S., Sazhina, E.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2005) Models for droplet transient heating: a comparative analysis. In: Proceedings of HEFAT2005 (4th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics). HEFAT,

145 Sazhina, E.M., Bykov, V., Goldfarb, I., Goldshtein, V., Sazhin, S.S. and Heikal, M.R. (2005) Modelling of spray autoignition by the ODE system decomposition technique. In: Proceedings of HEFAT2005 (4th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mech

146 Alexander, P., Begg, S.M., Heikal, M.R., Li, G., Gold, M. (2005) Airflow and fuel spray interaction in a gasoline DI engine, SAE Technical Paper Series, 2005-01-2104

147 Osborne, R. J., Stokes, J., Lake T. H., Carden, P. J., Mullineux, J. D., Helle- Lorentzen, R., Evans, J.C., Heikal, M.R., Zhao, H., and Ma T. (2005) Development of a Two-Stroke/Four-Stroke Switching Gasoline Engine- The 2/4SIGHT Concept, SAE pape

148 Osborne, R. J., Stokes, J., Lake, T. H., Carden, P. J., Mullineux, J. D., Helle- Lorentzen, R., Evans, J. C., Heikal, M. R., Zhu, Y., Zhao, H., and Ma, T., 2005. Development of a Two-Stroke/Four-Stroke Switching Gasoline Engine - The 2/4SIGHT Concept

149 De Sercey, G, Awcock, G.J. and Heikal, M.R. (2005) Use of LIF image acquisition and analysis in developing a calibrated technique for in-cylinder investigation of the spatial distribution of air-to-fuel mixing in direct injection gasoline engines. Compute

150 Sazhin, S.S., Abdelghaffar, W.A., Sazhina, E.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2005) Models for droplet transient heating: effects on droplet evaporation, ignition, and break-up. International journal of thermal sciences, 44 (7). pp. 610-622. ISSN 1290-0729

151 Sazhin, S.S., Abdelghaffar, W.A., Krutitskii, P.A., Sazhina, E.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2005) New approaches to numerical modelling of droplet transient heating and evaporation. International journal of heat and mass transfer, 48 (19-20). pp. 4215-4228. ISSN

152 Demory, R., Crua, C., Gold, M.R., Heikal, M.R., (2006) Measuring and processing in-cylinder measurements of NO and OH obtained by laser-induced fluorescence in a diesel rapid compression machine. Proceedings of 13th International Symposium on Applications

153 Laguitton, O., Crua, C., Cowell, T., Heikal, M.R., and Gold, M.R. (2006) The effect of compression ration on exhaust emissions from a PCCI diesel engine. Proceedings of 19th International Conference Efficiency, Cost, Optimisation, Simulation and Environm

154 Sazhin, S.S., Martynov, S.M., Shishkova, I., Crua, C., Karimi, K., Gorokhovski, M., Sazhina, E.M., Heikal, M.R. (2006) Modelling of droplet heating, evaporation and break-up: recent developments. Proceedings of 13th International Heat Transfer Conference

155 Karimi, K., Sazhina, E.M., Abdelghaffar, W.A., Crua, C., Cowell, T., Heikal, M.R., Gold, M.R. (2006) Development in diesel spray characterisation and modelling. Proceedings of THIESEL 2006, 13-15 September 2006, Valencia, Spain

156 Martynov, S.B., Sazhin, S.S., Crua, C., Gorokhovsky, M.A., Chtab, A., Sazhina, E.M., Karimi, K., Kristyadi, T., Heikal, M.R. (2007) Effects of droplet breakup, heating and evaporation on autoignition of Diesel sprays. UK-Israel Workshop ?Sprays: Mode

157 Begg, S.M., Hindle, M.P., Cowell, T., Heikal, M.R. (2007) The effect of intake valve lift on the mixture preparation processes of a port fuel-injected engine. Proceedings of ECOS 2007, 25-28 June 2007, Padova, Italy

158 Sazhin, S.S., Crua, C., Martynov, S.B., Kristyadi, T., Heikal, M.R. (2007) Advanced models for droplet heating and evaporation: effect on the autoignition of diesel fuel sprays. Proceedings of 3rd European Combustion Meeting (ECM2007), 11-13 April 2007

159 Sazhin, S.S., Martynov, S., Kristyadi, T., Crua, C., Heikal, M.R. (2007) Models for droplet heating and evaporation: application to simulation of the autoignition process in diesel engines. PTNSS Kongres 2007, 20-23 May 2007, Krakow, Poland

160 Karimi, K., Crua, C., Heikal, M.R., Sazhina, E.M. (2007) Split injection strategy for diesel sprays: experiment and modelling. PTNS Kongres 2007, 20-23 May 2007, Krakow, Poland

161 Laguitton, O., Crua, C., Cowell, T., Heikal, M.R., Gold, M.R. (2007) The effect of compression ratio on exhaust emissions from a PCCI diesel engine, Energy and Conversion Management, 48 (11), pp 2918-2924

162 Saeed, K., Heikal, M.R., Hamid, M. (2007) Modelling of premixed laminar combustion of hydrogen oxygenated fuel inside a closed spherical vessel, SAE paper 2007-01-0068

163 Sazhin, S.S., Kristyadi, T., Heikal, M.R., Abdelghaffar, W.A. and Shishkova, I.N. (2007) Fuel droplet heating and evaporation: analysis of liquid and gas phase models. In: SAE paper 07SFL-18-2007-01-0019. Society of Automotive Engineers

164 Sazhin, S, Krutitskii, P.A., Martynov, S.B., Mason, D.J., Heikal, M.R. and Sazhina, E.M. (2007) Transient heating of a semitransparent spherical body. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 46 (5). pp. 444-457

165 Sazhin, S.S., Shishkova, I.N., Kryukov, A.P., Levashov, V.Yu. and Heikal, M.R. (2007) Evaporation of droplets into a background gas: Kinetic modelling. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 50 (13-14). pp. 2675-2691. ISSN 0017-9310

166 Sazhin, S.S., Kristyadi, T., Abdelghaffar, W.A., Begg, S.M., Heikal, M.R., Mikhalovsky, S.V., Meikle, S.T. and Al-Hanbali, 0. (2007) Approximate analysis of thermal radiation absorption in fuel droplets. ASME Journal of Heat Transfer, 129 (9). pp. 1246-12

167 Mason, D.J., Begg, S., Cooper, B., Jackson, N. (2008) A low compression ratio low NOx diesel combustion system. Proceedings of Societe des Ingenieurs de l?Automobile International Conference, Rouen, 28 May, 2008

168 Begg, S., Parmenter, D., Mason, D. and Heikal, M. (2008). Mixture preparation and combustion Characteristics in a compression-ignition gasoline engine. Paper number 12.2-4. 14th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechan

169 Sazhin, S.S., Kaplanski, F., Begg, S. and Heikal, M.R. (2008) Vortex rings in internal combustion engines: modelling versus experiment. In: Proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on Transport Phenomena. University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland

170 Sazhin, S.S., Kaplinski, F., Begg, S.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2008) Vortex ring-like structures in gasoline fuel sprays: modelling and observations. In: ILASS 2008, 22nd European Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems. Politecnico di Milano and th

171 Sazhin, S.S., Shishkova, I., Martynov, S. and Heikal, M. (2008) Hydrodynamic and kinetic models of droplet heating and evaporation. In: Proceedings of CHT-08 ICHMT International Symposium on Advances in Computational Heat Transfer. Begell House, Inc., Mar

172 Sazhin, S.S., Shishkova, I., Kryukov, A.P., Levashov, V.Yu and Heikal, M.R. (2008) Evaporation of droplets into a background gas in the presence of heat flux: kinetic and hydrodynamic modelling. In: Proceedings of the 19th International Symposium on Trans

173 Sazhin, S.S., Abdelghaffar, W.A., Krutitskii, P.A., Sazhina, E.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2008) Numerical modelling of droplet transient heating and evaporation. Heat Transfer Research, 39 (1). pp. 51-64

174 Katoshevski, D., Shakked, T., Sazhin, S., Crua, C. and Heikal, M.R. (2008) Grouping and trapping of evaporating droplets in an oscillating gas flow. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 29. pp. 415-426

175 Sazhin, S.S., Shishkova, I.N., Kristyadi, T., Martynov, S.P. and Heikal, M.R. (2008) Droplet heating and evaporation: hydrodynamic and kinetic models. Heat Transfer Research, 39 (4). pp. 293-303

176 Sazhin, S, Martynov, S.B, Kristyadi, T, Crua, C and Heikal, M.R (2008) Diesel fuel spray penetration, heating, evaporation and ignition: modelling vs. experimentation. International Journal of Engineering Systems Modelling and Simulation, 1 (1). pp. 1-19

177 Osborne, R., Stokes, J., Ceccarini, D., Jackson, N., Lake, T., Joyce, M., Visser, S., Miche, N., Begg, S.M., Heikal, M.R., Kalian, N., Zhao, H. and Ma, T. (2008) The 2/4SIGHT project - development of a multi-cylinder two-stroke/four-stroke switching gasol

178 Begg, S., Hindle, M., Cowell, T. and Heikal, M. (2008) Low intake valve lift in a port fuel-injected engine. Energy, the International Journal, 34 (12). pp. 2042-2050

179 Begg, S, Mason, D. and Heikal, M. (2009) Spark ignition and spark-assisted controlled auto-ignition in an optical gasoline engine. In: SAE/JSAE Technical Paper Series 2009-32-0072/20097072. 15th Small Engine Technology Conference (SETC), Penang, Malaysia

180 Sazhin, S.S., Shishkova, I.N., Kryukov, A.P., Levashov, V.Yu and Heikal, M.R. (2009) A simple algorithm for kinetic modelling of diesel fuel droplet evaporation. In: Progress in Computational Heat and Mass Transfers: Proceedings of 6th ICCHMT. South China

181 Sazhin, S.S., Kaplanski, F., Begg, S. and Heikal, M. (2009) Vortex ring-like structures in gasoline fuel sprays. In: Proceedings of the JUMY International Automotive Conference and Exhibition (XXII Science and Motor Vehicles 2009). Society of Automotive E

182 Begg, S., de Sercey, G. and Heikal, M. (2009) Experimental investigation of the characteristics of oil behaviour in an engine crankcase. In: Proceedings of the DIPSI Workshop - Droplet impact phenomena and spray investigations. Universita degli Studi di B

183 Begg, S., Mason, D. and Heikal, M. (2009) Combustion phasing in an optical gasoline engine operating in the limit of spark-assisted controlled auto-ignition. In: Proceedings of the JUMY International Automotive Conference and Exhibition (XXII Science and

184 Begg, S., Kaplanski, F., Sazhin, S., Hindle, M. and Heikal, M. (2009) Vortex ring-like structures in gasoline fuel sprays under cold-start conditions. International Journal of Engine Research, 10 (4). pp. 195-214. ISSN 2041-3149

185 Begg, S., Kaplanski, F., Sazhin, S.S., Hindle, M. and Heikal, M.R. (2009) Vortex ring-like structures in gasoline engines. International Journal of Engine Research, 622. pp. 233-258

186 Kaplanski, F., Sazhin, S.S., Fukumoto, Y., Begg, S.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2009) A generalised vortex ring model. Journal of Fluid Mechanics (622). pp. 233-258

187 Sazhin, S.S., Kaplanski F., Begg, S.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2010) Vortex ring-like structures in a non-evaporating gasoline-fuel spray: simplified models versus experimental results. In: SAE International Powertrains, Fuels and Lubricants Meeting, 5-7 May 20

188 Sazhin, S.S., Shishkova, I.N. and Heikal, M.R. (2010) Kinetic modelling of fuel droplet heating and evaporation: calculations and approximations. International Journal of Engineering Systems Modelling and Simulation (IJESMS), Vol.2 (3)

189 Sazhin, S.S., Elwardany, A.E., Krutitskii, P.A., Castanet, G., Lemoine, F., Sazhina, E.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2010) A simplified model of Bi-component droplet heating and evaporation. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 53, pp 4495-4505

190 Kristyadi, T., Depr?durand, V., Castanet, G., Lemoine, F., Sazhin, S.S., Elwardany, A.E., Sazhina, E.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2010) Monodisperse monocomponent fuel droplet heating and evaporation. Fuel, 89, pp 3995-4001

191 Begg, S.M., De Sercey, G., Mich?, N.D.D., Heikal, M.R., Gilchrist, R., Noda, Y., Tsuruoka, Y. and Mamiya Y. Experimental investigation of the phenomenom of oil break-up in an engine crankcase. Atomization and Sprays, Vol. 29-9, pp 801-819. ISSN 1045-511

192 Sazhin, S.S., Krutitskii, P.A., Gusev, I.G. and Heikal, M.R. (2010) Transient heating of an evaporating droplet. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 53, pp 2826-2836

193 Kaplanski, F., Sazhin, S.S., Begg, S.M., Fukumoto, Y. and Heikal, M.R. (2010) Dynamics of vortex rings and spray induced vortex ring-like structures. European Journal of Mechanics B.Fluids, 29 Issue 3, pp 208-216

194 Sazhin, S.S., Krutitskii, P.A., Gusev, I.G. and Heikal, M.R. (2011) Transient heating of an evaporating droplet with presumed time evolution of its radius. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 54, 1278-1288

2 M R Heikal, P J Walklate and P A Hatton (1977) The effect of free stream turbulence on heat transfer in the entrance region of an annulus. Int J Heat Mass Transfer, Vol 20, pp 763-771, 1977

3 M R Heikal and A P Hatton (1978) Predictions and measurements of non- axisymmetric turbulent diffusion in an annular channel. Int J Heat Mass Transfer, Vol. 21, pp 841-848, 1978.

4 M R Heikal, R S Benson and W J D Annand (1979) A model for turbulent flame propagation speed in S I engines. International Conference on Fuel Economy and Emission of Lean Burn Engines, I Mech E, London, 12-14 June 1979.

5 M R Heikal and T A Cowell (1984) Engineering laboratory teaching- a case for co- ordination. Proceedings of Conference on Teaching Thermodynamics, Cambridge University, Sep. 1984.

6 Teaching Thermodynamics, edited by J D Lewins, Plenum Press, 1985, pp103-116 , ISBN 0-306-42207-7.

7 M R Heikal and J A Kearsey (1985) A microcomputer based fast data acquisition and processing system for a low speed wind tunnel. SEFI Annual Conference, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, 18-20 Sep 1985

8 Engineering Heat Transfer, preparation of the S I edition, Van Nostrand, 1987, ISBN 0-278-00051-7.

9 M R Heikal and T A Cowell* (1987) Open ended laboratory work. Teaching Study Skills Workshop, University of London, 1987

10 M R Heikal and R S Benson* (1987) A review of models for the prediction of flame propagation speed in S I Engines. UnICEG Seminar, Loughborough University, 1987

11 T A Cowell, M R Heikal and A Antonio (1988) The response of hot-wire anemometer probes at very low velocities. Proceedings 2nd U K National Heat Transfer Conference, Glasgow, 14-16 Sep. 1988, pp 1607-1622.

12 M R Heikal, A Antonio and T A Cowell. A rig for the calibration of hot wire anemometers at very low speeds. Int J Experimental Heat Transfer, Vol 1, no 2, pp 221-223

13 T A Cowell and M R Heikal. An experimental rig for the demonstration of pool boiling. Int J Mech Eng Education, Vol 14, No 2, pp 107-118

14 M Abu-Madi, R A Johns and M R Heikal, (1988) Performance characteristics correlation for round tube and plate fin heat exchangers. Int. J. of Refrigeration, Vol. 21, No 7, PP 507-517, 1988

15 M R Heikal, T A Cowell and A Antonio (1990) Measurements of local velocity and turbulence levels in arrays of louvred plate fins. Proceedings 9th Int Heat Mass Transfer Conference, Jerusalem, Vol 4, pp 105-110, 1990.

16 Heat Exchanger Engineering, vol 2, Edited by E A Foumeny and P J Heggs, chapter 9, pp 165-184, Ellis Horwood, 1991, ISBN 0-13-382391-1

17 M R Heikal and K A Peeling (1991) An integrating role for the microcomputer in engineering education. Proceedings I Mech E, J. of Power and Energy, vol 205, part A, No 1, pp37-41,1991

18 T A Cowell, A Achiachia and M R Heikal (1991) Flow and heat transfer characteristics of louvred fins. I Chem E Sym, Compact Heat Exchanger Technology, Leeds, July 1991

19 M R Heikal, T A Cowell and J D Ewles (1991) Measurement of local and average heat transfer coefficients using the thin film, mass transfer analogue and video image processing techniques. EUROTHERM 25 Conference, 8-10 July 1991, Pau, France

20 A Slater, A W Self, W Webb and M R Heikal (1992) Plant efficiency and energy management - the perfect match. IEE Third International Conference on Factory 2000, York, July 1992

21 A Yu, M R Heikal and T A Cowell (1992) The fin efficiency of round tube and plate fin surfaces with and without louvres. Proceedings 3rd U K National Heat Transfer Conference, Birmingham, September 1992, pp 773-780

22 T A Cowell, M R Heikal, and A Achiachia (1993) Flow and heat transfer in compact louvred fin surfaces. Proceedings 1st Int Conference on Aerospace Heat Exchanger Technology, Palo Alto, U S A, February 1993, pp 549-560

23 T A Cowell, M R Heikal, and A Achaichia (1993) The optimisation of cross flow heat exchangers. I Chem E Sym, Compact Heat Exchanger Technology, Leeds, March 1993.

24 A Achaichia, M R Heikal, Y Suliman and T A Cowell, (1994) Numerical investigation of flow and friction in louvred fin arrays. 10th Int. Heat Transfer Conference, August 1994, Brighton

25 P S Sharkey, M R Heikal, T A Cowell and N Taylor (1994) Computational and experimental investigation of charge air flow in a vehicle intercooler system.10th Int. Heat Transfer Conference, August 1994, Brighton

26 T A Cowell, M R Heikal, and A Achaichia, (1994) Flow and heat transfer in louvred flat and corrugated fins. Int J Experimental Thermal and Fluid Sci., Vol 10, pp192- 1994

27 K Atkinson, R Drakulic and M R Heikal* (1995) Numerical modelling of flow and heat transfer over louvred plate fin arrays in heat exchangers. 4th Star-CD European User Group Meeting, London, Nov. 1995

28 M Abu-Madi, R A Johns and M R Heikal (1995) The performance of compact finned tube evaporators in automotive air conditioning systems using non-ozone depleting refrigerants. Transactions of I Mech E , 4th National Conference on Heat Transfer , 26-27

29 R A Johns, M Abu-Madie and M R Heikal (1995) The performance of non-Ozone depleting refrigerants in Condensers and evaporators. Proceedings Institute of Ref. Conf. on Marine Refrigeration, London, June 1995

30 C A McNab, M R Heikal and N I A Haidar (1995) Pressure losses in flat oval tubes with plain and perforated corrugated internal fins. Proceedings of the I Mech E / SAE 2nd Int. Conf. Vehicle Thermal Management Systems (VTMS 2), London, May 1995

31 P S Sharkey, N Taylor and M R Heikal (1995) An iterative procedure for the optimum design of heat exchanger manifolds. Proceedings of the I Mech E / SAE 2nd Int. Conf. Vehicle Thermal Management Systems (VTMS 2), London, May 1995

32 M Abu-Madi, R A Johns and M R Heikal (1995) The effect of refrigerant properties on the design of automotive air conditioning systems. Proceedings of the I Mech E / SAE 2nd Int. Conf. Vehicle Thermal Management Systems (VTMS 2), London, May 1995

33 N S Jackson, J Stokes, M R Heikal and J H Downie (1995) A dynamic water flow visualisation rig for automotive combustion system development. SAE paper 950728, Detroit, USA, Feb 27- March 2 1995

34 K N Atkinson ,R Drakulic, and M R Heikal (1996) Numerical prediction of the performance characteristics of louvred fin arrays in compact heat exchangers. Paper presented a the open forum of the 2nd European Thermal-Sciences & 14th UIT National Heat

35 M R Heikal, M A Faure, and N S Jackson (1996) PIV Measurement and characterisation of flow in combustion engines. 8th Int. Symposium on Applications of laser techniques to fluid mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal, 8-11 July 1996

36 M A Faure, M R Heikal, and N Jackson, (1996) 3-Dimentional in-cylinder flow maps using 2D PIV System. Proc I Mech E Int. Seminar on Optical Methods and Data Processing in Heat and Fluid Flow, City Univ., London, 18-19 April 1996

37 M Abu-Madie, R A Johns, and M R Heikal (1996) The performance of air conditioning evaporators in hot and humid environments with non-ozone depleting refrigerants. Proc of the Air Conditioning in the Gulf Conf., UAE University, United Arab Emirates,

38 S M Sapsford, M R Heikal, and M A Faure* (1996) The CCVS stratified charge combustion system: Comparison of VECTIS CFD analysis and dynamic flow measurements. VECTIS International User Group Meeting, Detroit, Feb 29, 1996

39 N S Jackson, J Stokes, T H Lake, S M Sapsford, M R Heikal, and I Denbratt, (1996) Understanding the CCVS stratified EGR combustion system. SAE paper No 960837, Detroit, USA, Feb 26-29, 1996

40 R E Morgan, N J Owen, M R Heikal and S G Cox, (1997) Measurement and prediction of coolant velocity in internal combustion engine cooling systems. 5th U K National Heat Transfer Conf., 17-18 Sep. 1997. Imperial College, London

41 S G Cox, J H Downie, M R Heikal and T A Cowell, (1997) A novel method for investigating the performance characteristics of variable louvre angle plate fins. 5th U K National Heat Transfer Conference, 17-18 Sep. 1997. Imperial College, London

42 S S Sazin, E M Sazina, M R Heikal and Y Ioannou, (1997) Numerical analysis of thermal radiation transfer in grey and non-grey gases. Numerical methods for thermal problems, 10 , PP45-56. Proceedings of the Tenth Int. Conference on Numerical Methods for

43 N S Jackson, J Stokes, M Sadler, M R Heikal, M Faure and L Pommier (1997) Correlation of the combustion characteristics of spark ignition engines with the in-cylinder flow field characterised using PIV in a water analogue rig. SAE i international

44 R K Shah, M R Heikal and B Thonon, (1977) Advances in numerical analysis of heat transfer and flow friction characteristics in compact heat exchanger surfaces. Key note paper, International Sym. On Advances in Computational Heat Transfer, Cesme, Turkey, 2

45 N S Jackson, J Stokes, M Sadler, M R Heikal, M Faure and L Pommier (1997) Correlation of the combustion characteristics of spark ignition engines with the in- cylinder flow field characterised using PIV in a water analogue rig. Transactions of SAE,

46 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina, M R Heikal, C Maroney, (1998) A new mathematical formulation of the Shell autoignition model. Seventh Int. Conference on Numerical Combustion (30 March- 1 April 1998) , York, Abstracts, P 113

47 X Boussieux, R A Johns and M R Heikal (1998) Heat transfer and pressure loss for non-ozone depleting refrigerants. Proc. 11th Int Heat Transfer Conference, Kyongjiu, Korea, 23-28 August 1998, Vol 6, pp 409-414

48 C McNab, M R Heikal and K Atkinson Numerical modelling of fluid flow and heat transfer over corrugated herringbone fins. Proc. 11th Int Heat Transfer Conference, Kyongjiu, Korea, 23-28 August 1998, Vol 6,pp 119-124

49 K N Atkinson, R Drakulic, M R Heikal and C McNab Applications of numerical flow modelling to high-performance heat transfer surfaces. Proc. 11th Int Heat Transfer Conference, Kyongjiu, Korea, 23-28 August 1998, Vol 5, pp 333-338

50 X Boissieux, R A Johns, and M R Heikal, Measurements of local heat transfer coefficients during the evaporation of 404A inside a horizontal tube. Proceedings of the Eurotherm Seminar No 26- Heat Transfer in Condensation and Evaportation, Grenoble, Fran

51 G R Fish, M R Heikal, and R A Johns,* Application of CFD techniques to the design of automotive charge air coolers. Paper presented in the poster session , 11th Int Heat Trans. Conf. , Cyongjiu, Korea, 23-28 August 1998

52 E M Sazhina, S S Sazhin, M R Heikal and C Marooney, (1998) The Shell autoignition model: Application to gasoline and Diesel fuels. Proceedings of the 27th International Symposium on Combustion, USA, 1998

53 M A Faure, M Sadler, K K Oversby, J Stokes, S M Begg, L S Pommier, and M R Heikal, (1998) Application of LDA and PIV techniques to the validation of a CFD model of a direct injection gasoline engine. SAE Transactions 1998, Vol 107. J. of Engines, Section

54 K N Atkinson, R Drakulic, M R Heikal and T A Cowell (1998) Two-and three dimensional- numerical models of flow and heat transfer over louvred fin arrays in compact heat exchangers. Int J Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 41, PP 4063-4080, 1998

55 A Faure, M Sadler, K K Oversby, J Stokes, S M Begg, L S Pommier, and M R Heikal (1998) Application of LDA and PIV techniques to the validation of a CFD model of a direct injection gasoline engine. SAE Fuels and Lubricants Conference, October 1998, SAE p

56 O V Achasov, S A Labuda, S M Begg, M R Heikal, S Savich and S S Sazhin (1999) Gas Dynamically controlled combustion in gas mixtures: application to internal combustion engines. Proceedings of the International Seminar ?Conversion of Scientific rese

57 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina and M R Heikal (1999) The Shell autoignition model: application to a Diesel engine. Proceedings of the Mediterranian Combustion Symposium, Antalya, Turkey, June 20-25, Ed F Beretta, Section 4, pp 336-346

58 S G Cox, N J Owen, M R Heikal and R A Johns (1999) A Neural network model for the heat transfer performance of round tube and plate fin heat exchangers, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference ? Vehicle Thermal Management Systems?, London 2

59 S P Edwards, S M Sapsford, J Stokes, M Sadler, M R Gold, M A Faure, M R Heikal and P J Bowen, (1999) Tools and Techniques for G-DI Engine Development, Seminar on ?Gasoline Direct Injection Engines? Karlsruhe University, Essen, 16-17 November 1999

60 Goldfarb, V Goldstein, G Feng, M R Heikal, G Kuzmenko, and S Sazhin (1999) Thermal Radiation Effects of the Evaporation and Initial Combustion of Fuel Droplets, 15th Annual Symposium of the Israeli Section of the Combustion Institute, Haifa, Israel, Dec

61 X Boissieux, R A Johns and , M R Heikal (1999) Two-phase heat transfer of non-ozone depleting refrigerant-oil mixtures, 20th International Congress of Refrigeration, IIR/IIF, Sydney, Sept. 1999

62 O V Achasov, S A Labuda, S M Begg, M R Heikal, A Savic and S S Sazhin (1999) Gas dyanamically controlled combustion in gas mixtures: Application to internal combustion. Proceedings, International Seminar on Conversion Scientific Research in Belarus Withi

63 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina and M R Heikal (1999) Modelling of gas to droplets radiative exchange. Progress in Engineering Heat Ttransfer, Eds. B Groshal, J Mikielewicz, B Sunden, IFFM Publishers, ( Proceedings of 3rd Baltic Heat Transfer Conference. Gdans

64 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina and M R Heikal (1999) The Shell autoignition model: application to a Diesel engine. Proceedings of the Mediterranian Combustion Symposium, Antalya, Turkey, June 20-25, Ed F Beretta, Section 4, pp 336-346

65 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina, M R Heikal, C Maroney and S V Mikalovsky (1999) The Shell autoignition model: a new numerical formulation. Combustion and Flame, Vol 117, part 3, 529-540,1999

66 E M Sazhina, S S Sazhin, M R Heikal, and C Marooney (1999), The Shell autoignition model: application to gasoline and Diesel fuels. Fuel, Vol 78, Issue 4, ISSN 0016-2361, PP 389-401

67 D Kennaird, C Cura, M Heikal, R Morgan, F Bar and S Sapsford (2000) A new high pressure diesel spray research facility, International conference on Computational and experimental methods in reciprocating engines, 1-2 November, 2000, London

68 R E Morgan, D Kennaird, M R Heikal and F Bar (2000) Characterisation of a high- pressure diesel fuel spray at elevated pressures. Proceedings of THIESEL?2000, ?Thermodynamic Processes in Diesel Engines?, Valencia, 13-15 September 2000, pp 87-94

69 E M Sazhina, S S Sazhin, M R Heikal and M E A Bardsley ( 2000) The P-1 model for thermal radiation transfer: application to numerical modelling of combustion processes in Diesel engines. Proceedings of the 16th IMACS World Congress 2000 on Scientif

70 S S Sazhin, G Feng, S Savich, E M Sazhina, M R Heikal, I Goldfarb, V Gol?dshtein,and G Kuzmenko (2000) Modelling of the fuel spray penetration and ignition process (abstract). Proceedings of the 28th International Symposium on C

71 X Boissieux, and M R Heikal (2000) Heat transfer of HFC refrigerant/oil mixtures during evaporation and condensation in horizontal tubes. Proceedings of the 2000 International Refrigeration and Condensation Conference, Purdue Univ., July 25-28

72 E M Sazhina, S S Sazhin, M R Heikal, V I Babushok, and R Johns (2000) A detailed modelling of the spray ignition process in Diesel engines, Combustion Sci. and Tech., Vol. 160, pp 317-344

73 S S Sazhin, G Feng, M R Heikal, I Goldfarb, V Gol?dshtein, and G Kuzmenko, (2000) Thermal Analysis of a Monodispersed Spray with Radiation, Combustion and Flame, Vol 125, pp684-701

74 S J Chowdhury, S M Sapsford, S S Sazhin and M R Heikal (2000) Numerical study of turbulent swirling flow in a combustion chamber (abstract). Proceedings of the 28th International Symposium on Combustion. Edinburgh

75 X Boissieux, M R Heikal and R A Johns (2000) Two-phase heat transfer coefficients of three HFC refrigerants inside a horizontal smooth tube- Part II: Condensation. Int. J. of Refrigeration, Vol 23/5, pp345-352, 2000

76 X Boissieux, M R Heikal and R A Johns (2000) Two-phase heat transfer coefficients of three HFC refrigerants inside a horizontal smooth tube- Part I: Evaporation, Int. J. of Refrigeration, Vol 23, pp269-283, 2000

77 R K Shah, M R Heikal, B Thonon (2000) Progress in the numerical analysis of compact heat exchanger surfaces, Advances in Heat Transfer, Vol. 34, Academic Press New York, (2000).

78 A N Pavlov, S S Sazhin, R P Fedorenko and M R Heikal (2000), A conservative difference method and its application for the analysis of a transient flow around a square prism. J. Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol 10, No 1, pp 6-46, 2000. (Outst

79 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina and M R Heikal (2000) Modelling of the gas to fuel droplets radiative exchange. Fuel, Vol 79, PP1843- 1852

80 Sazhin, S.S., Heikal, M.R., Dombrovsky, L.A. and Pozorski, J. (2001) New approaches to analytical and numerical modelling of fuel sprays. In: Proceedings of the 1st IMechE Automotive Division Southern Centre Conference on Total Vehicle Technology (Challen

81 S M El-Hawat, M R Heikal, S S Sazhin (2001) Three-dimensional numerical modelling of flow and heat transfer over louvred fin arrays, Proceedings CHT?01 Advances in computational heat transfer II, Palm Cove, Queensland, Australia, pp 325-331

82 S Savic, S M Begg, G Feng, M R Heikal and S Sazhin (2001) Probability distribution for modelling in-cylinder air velocities in a G-DI internal combustion engine, Proceedings of the Total Vehicle Technology Conference, Univ.of Sussex, 18th 19th Sep,

83 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina, G. Feng, M R Heikal, I Goldfarb, V Gol?dshtein, and G Kuzmenko (2001) Modelling of heat transfer and ignition processes in a diesel spray, 2nd ICHMT Symposium on Advances in Computational Heat Transfer, 20-25 May 2001, Palm Co

84 S S Sazhin, J Pozorski, S Petrovich, Z Jovanovich (2001) Fuel spray penetration modelling in diesel engines, Proc. 6th Int. Scientific and Professional Conference on Power Sources and Transfer, Power sources and transfer IPS 2001, pp 221-226, Montenegro,

85 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina, M R Heikal, L A Dombrovsky, P A Krutitskii, J Pozorski, and S Petrovic (2001) Modelling of Fluid Dynamics, heat transfer and combustion processes in diesel engines, Proceedings of Automotive Engineering for Improved Safety

86 Shah, R.K., Heikal, M.R., Thonon, B and Tochon, P (2001) Progress in the numerical analysis of compact heat exchanger surfaces. Advances in Heat Transfer, 34. pp. 363-443. ISSN 0065-2717

87 El-Hawat, S.M., Heikal, M.R. and Sazhin, S (2001) An improved three dimensional numerical model of flow and heat transfer over louvred fin arrays. International Journal of Heat Exchangers, II. pp. 37-44

88 Gold, M.R., Stokes, J, Morgan, R.E., Heikal, M.R., Begg, S.M. and De Sercey, G (2001) Air-fuel mixing in a homogeneous charge DI gasoline engine. SAE Transactions 2001, Journal of Fuels & Lubricants, 110 (4). pp. 827-835

89 Sazhin, S, Kaplanski, F, Feng, G, Heikal, M.R. and Bowen, P.J. (2001) A fuel spray induced vortex ring. Fuel, 80 (13). pp. 1871-1883. ISSN 0016-2361

90 Dombrovsky, L.A., Sazhin, Sergei, Sazhina, Elena M., Feng, G., Heikal, Morgan R., Bardsley, M.E.A. and Mikhalovsky, S.V. (2001) Heating and evaporation of semi-transparent diesel fuel droplets in the presence of thermal radiation. Fuel, 80 (11). pp. 1535-

91 Sazhin, S.S., Feng, G. and Heikal, M.R. (2001) A model for fuel spray penetration. Fuel, 80 (15). pp. 2171-2180. ISSN 0016-2361

92 Pozorski, J, Sazhin, S, Waclawczyk, M, Crua, C, Kennaird, D and Heikal, M.R. (2002) Spray penetration in a turbulent flow. Flow, turbulence and combustion, 68 (2). pp. 153-165. ISSN 1573-1987

93 O Laguitton, M Gold, J Stokes, M Bates, R Wood, M Heikal (2001), Parametric piston bowl design and testing for the optimisation of air motion in gasoline direct injection engines. Haus Der Technik Fachbuch 10, Direkteinspritzung im Ottomotor III, pp 23

94 R E Morgan, J B Wray, D Kennaird, C Crua and M R Heikal (2001) The influence of injector parameters on the formation and break up of a diesel spray, AE paper 2001-01-0529

95 M Gold, J Stokes, R Morgan, M Heikal, S Begg, and G de Sercey (2001) Air fuel mixing in a homogeneous charge DI gasoline engine, SAE Paper 2001-01 0968

96 S S Sazhin, G Feng and M R Heikal (2001) A Model for Fuel spray penetration, Fuel, Vol 80 Issue 15, pp 2171-2180

97 S S Sazhin, V A Gol?dshtein and M R Heikal (2001) A Transient formulation of Newton?s cooling law for spherical bodies, ASME J. Heat Transfer, Vol. 123, pp 63-64

98 S S Sazhin, V Goldstein and M R Heikal ( 2001) A transient formulation of Newton?s cooling law for spherical bodies, Transactions of ASME, J Heat Transfer, Vol 123, pp63-64

99 Sazhin, S.S., Sazhina, E.M., Heikal, M.R., Krutitskii, P.A., Dombrovsky, L.A. and Pozorski, J. (2002) Modelling of diesel fuel sprays: penetration, heating, autoignition. In: Mansour, M.S. and Kamel, M., ed. Proceedings of the Second Mediterranean Combust

100 Sazhin, S.S., Dombrovsky, L.A., Krutitskii, P.A., Sazhina, E.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2002) Analytical and numerical modelling of convective and radiative heating of fuel droplets in diesel engines. In: Proceedings of the Twelfth International Heat Transfer C

101 De Sercey, G., Heikal, Morgan R., Gold, M., Begg, S.M., Wood, R., Awcock, G.J. and Laguitton, O. (2002) On the use of laser-induced fluorescence for the measurement of in-cylinder air?fuel ratios. Proceedings of the I MECH E part C Journal of mechanical

102 Osborne, R. J., Li, G., Sapsford, S. M., Stokes, J., Lake, T. H., and Heikal, M. R., (2002). HCCI in the DI Gasoline Engine: Experiments and Modelling, 11th Aachen Colloquium. Aachen, October 7-9, 2002

103 Mason D, Douch N, Heikal M R (2002) Air side fouling of compact heat exchangers, Total Vehicle Technology (TVT) 2002, Sussex University, 11 - 12 November

104 Lacoste J, Kennaird D, Begg S, Heikal M R (2002) Phase Doppler anemometry measurements of diesel spray, Total Vehicle Technology (TVT) 2002, Sussex University, 11 - 12 November

105 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina, M R Heikal, P A Krutitskii, L A Dombrovsky, and J Pozorski (2002) Modelling of diesel fuel sprays: penetration, heating, autoignition, Proceedings of the second Mediterranean Combustion Symposium, 6-11 January, Sharm El-Sheik

106 Laguitton O, Gold M, Kennaird D, Crua C, Lacoste J, Heikal M (2002) Spray development and combustion characteristics for common rail diesel injection systems, Fuel Injection Systems Conference, IMechE, London, 26-27 November, Paper No C610/012/2003

107 S Sazhin, L A Dombrovski, E M Sazhina, M R Heikal (2002) New models for convective and radiative heating of fuel droblets: application to numerical simulation of combustion processes in diesel engines, Proceedings 9th Int.Conference on Numerical Com

108 S M El-Hawat, E M Sazhina, and M R Heikal (2002) Three-dimensional numerical modelling of flow and heat transfer over louvered fin arrays, 3rd Russian National Heat and Mass Transfer, Moscow, October, (poster presentation)

109 S S Sazhin, E M Sazhina, and M R Heikal (2002) Modelling of diesel fuel sprays: penetration and autoignition, 3rd Russian National Heat and Mass Transfer, Moscow, October, (poster presentation)

110 L A Dombrovsky, S S Sazhin, and M R Heikal (2002) A model for computation of radiative characteristics of diesel fuel droplets, Proceedings 3rd Russian National Heat and Mass Transfer, V. 6, pp. 262-265

111 M Bates and M R Heikal (2002) A Parametric Inlet Port Design Tool for Multi-Valve Diesel Engines, I Mech E Conference - Statistics and Analytical Methods in Automotive Engineering, I Mech E, London

112 M Gold, J Stokes, R Morgan, M Heikal, S Begg, and G de Sercey (2002) Air fuel mixing in a homogeneous charge DI gasoline engine, 2001 SAE Transactions, J. of Fuels and Lubricants, Vol. 110, Section 4, pp 827-835

113 D A Kennaird, C. Crua, J Lacoste, M R Heikal, M R Gold and N S Jackson In-Cylinder penetration and break-up of diesel sprays using a common-rail, injection system, SAE Spring Fuels and Lubricants., May 2002, Reno, Nevada,Paper No 2002 01-1626

114 R Morgan, J Wray, D A Kennaird, C Crua, M Heikal (2002) The influence of injector parameters on the formation and break-up of a diesel spray, 2001 SAE Transactions- Journal of Engines 110 (3): 389-399, ISBN 0-7680-110-0

115 M Gold, J Stokes, R Morgan, M Heikal, G De Sercey, S Begg (2002) Air-fuel mixing in homogeneous charge DI gasoline engine, 2001 SAE Transactions J. of Fuels and Lubricants 110 (4):827-835

116 M Bates and M R Heikal (2002) A Knowledge-based model for multi-valve diesel engineering inlet port design, SAE Spring Fuels and Lubricants meeting, May 6-9, Reno, Nevada, Paper No 2002-01 1747

117 Dombrovsky LA, Sazhin SS, Heikal MR (2003) A model for computation of radiative characteristics of diesel fuel droplets, Proceedings 3rd Russian National Heat and Mass Transfer Conference 6: 262-265

118 Sazhin SS, Sazhina EM, Heikal MR (2003) Modelling of diesel fuel sprays: penetration and autoignition, 3rd Russian National Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, 21 - 23 October

119 Heikal MR (2003) Correlation of PIV and LDA measurement of flow characteristics in gasoline engines, 3rd Russian National Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, 21 - 23 October

120 El-Hawat SM, Heikal MR, Sazhin SS (2003) Three-dimensional numerical modelling of flow and heat transfer over louvred fin arrays, 3rd Russian National Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, 21 - 23 October

121 Crua C; Evans JC; Kennaird DA; Heikal MR. (2003) In-cylinder study of the formation, autoignition and soot production of Diesel sprays at elevated pressures, ICLASS 2003, 9th International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems p.14-2,

122 Sazhin SS, Crua C, Heikal M (2003) Fuel spray penetration: modelling and experiments, Towards Cleaner Diesel Emissions Symposium, pp.22-23, Mierlo, Eindhoven, Netherlands 5 - 6 June

123 Sazhin, S.S. and Heikal, M.R. (2003) Transient convective and radiative heating of diesel fuel droplets. In: Padet, J. and Arin?, F., ed. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Transient Convective Heat and Mass Transfer in Single and Two-Phase fl

124 Sazhin S, Crua C, Kennaird D, Heikal M (2003) The initial stage of fuel spray penetration. Fuel 82: 875-885

125 Osborne, R J, Li, G, Sapsford, S M, Stokes, J, Lake T H and Heikal M R (2003) Evaluation of HCCI for future gasoline powertrains, SAE congress, Detroit, Paper No 2003-01-0750

126 Crua, C, Kennaird, D A, Sazhin S S, Heikal M R (2003) Diesel autoignition at elevated in-cylinder pressures, Int J of Engine Research, Vol, 5(4): 365-374

127 Lacoste, J., Crua, C, Heikal, M.R., Kennaird, D and Gold, M.R. (2003) PDA characterization of dense diesel sprays using a common-rail injection system. SAE transactions, 112 (4). pp. 2074-2085. ISSN 0096-736X

128 Osborne, R.J., Li, G., Sapsford, S.M., Stokes, J., Lake, T.H. and Heikal, Morgan R. (2003) Evaluation of HCCI for future gasoline powertrains. SAE Transactions, 112 (3). pp. 1101-1118. ISSN 0096-736X

129 Morgan, R.E., Gold, M.R., Laguitton, O., Crua, C and Heikal, M.R. (2003) Characterization of the soot formation processes in a high pressure combusting diesel fuel spray. SAE transactions, 112 (4). pp. 2086-2094. ISSN 0096-736X

130 Dombrovsky, L.A., Sazhin, Sergei, Mikhalovsky, S.V., Wood, R. and Heikal, Morgan R. (2003) Spectral properties of diesel fuel droplets. Fuel, 82 (1). pp. 15-22. ISSN 0016-2361

131 Sazhin, S, Crua, C, Kennaird, D and Heikal, M.R. (2003) The initial stage of fuel spray penetration. Fuel, 82 (8). pp. 875-885. ISSN 0016-2361

132 Crua, C, Kennaird, D and Heikal, M.R. (2003) Laser-induced incandescence study of diesel soot formation in a rapid compression machine at elevated pressures. Combustion and flame, 135 (4). pp. 475-488. ISSN 0010-2180

133 Crua, C., Heikal, M.R., Gold, M. (2004) Diesel spray formation, autoignition and soot production at elevated in-cylinder pressures, 12th International Symposium on Applications of Laser Techniques to Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, Portugal, Paper No. 500

134 Sazhin, S, Abdelghaffar, W.A., Krutitskii, P.A., Sazhina, E.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2004) Numerical modelling of droplet transient heating and evaporation. In: 5th Minsk International Heat and Mass Transfer Forum, May 24-28, Minsk, Belarus. Section 6: Heat a

135 Sazhin, S.S., Krutitskii, P.A., Abdelghaffar, W.A., Sazhina, E.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2004) Transient heating of droplets. In: Proceedings of 3rd International Symposium on Two-Phase Flow Modelling and Experimentation. Begell House, Inc., Pisa, Italy

136 Sazhin, S.S., Krutitskii, P.A., Abdelghaffar, W.A., Sazhina, E.M., Mikhalovsky, S.V., Meikle, S.T. and Heikal, M.R. (2004) Transient heating of diesel fuel droplets. International Journal of Heat Mass Transfer, 47. pp. 3327-3340

137 Crua, C., Kennaird, D.A., Sazhin, S.S., Heikal, M.R. and Gold, M.R. (2004) Diesel autoignition at elevated in-cylinder pressures. International Journal of Engine Research, 5 (4). pp. 365-374

138 Sazhin, S.S., Krutitskii, P.A., Abdelghaffar, W.A., Sazhina, E.M., Mikhalovsky, S.V., Meikle, S.T. and Heikal, M.R. (2004) Transient heating of diesel fuel droplets. International journal of heat and mass transfer, 47 (14-16). pp. 3327-3340. ISSN 0017-931

139 Crua, C., Kennaird, D., Sazhin, S.S., Heikal, M.R. and Gold, M.R. (2004) Diesel autoignition at elevated in-cylinder pressures. International Journal of Engine Research, 5 (4). pp. 365-374. ISSN 1468-0874

140 Martynov, S.B., Mason, D.J., Heikal, M.R. (2005) Hydrodynamic similarity of cavitation flows in nozzles, Proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Multiphase Flow, Heat Transfer and Energy Conversion, Paper No. 193

141 Abdelghaffar, W.A., Heikal, M.R., Sazhin, S.S., Sazhina, E.M. (2005) Advanced gas-droplets heat transfer models and their applications, International Symposium on Heat and Mass Transfer in Spray Systems, Turkey (10.05.2005)

142 Sazhin, S.S., Krutitskii, P.A., Martynov, S.B., Mason, D., Heikal, M.R. and Sazhina, E.M. (2005) Transient heating of semitransparent droplet. In: Proceedings of HEFAT2005 (4th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics)

143 Sazhin, S, Crua, C, Hwang, J.S, No, S.Y. and Heikal, M.R. (2005) Models of fuel spray penetration. Proceedings of the Estonian Academy of Sciences. Engineering, 11 (2). pp. 154-160

144 Abdelghaffar, W.A., Sazhin, S.S., Sazhina, E.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2005) Models for droplet transient heating: a comparative analysis. In: Proceedings of HEFAT2005 (4th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics). HEFAT,

145 Sazhina, E.M., Bykov, V., Goldfarb, I., Goldshtein, V., Sazhin, S.S. and Heikal, M.R. (2005) Modelling of spray autoignition by the ODE system decomposition technique. In: Proceedings of HEFAT2005 (4th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mech

146 Alexander, P., Begg, S.M., Heikal, M.R., Li, G., Gold, M. (2005) Airflow and fuel spray interaction in a gasoline DI engine, SAE Technical Paper Series, 2005-01-2104

147 Osborne, R. J., Stokes, J., Lake T. H., Carden, P. J., Mullineux, J. D., Helle- Lorentzen, R., Evans, J.C., Heikal, M.R., Zhao, H., and Ma T. (2005) Development of a Two-Stroke/Four-Stroke Switching Gasoline Engine- The 2/4SIGHT Concept, SAE pape

148 Osborne, R. J., Stokes, J., Lake, T. H., Carden, P. J., Mullineux, J. D., Helle- Lorentzen, R., Evans, J. C., Heikal, M. R., Zhu, Y., Zhao, H., and Ma, T., 2005. Development of a Two-Stroke/Four-Stroke Switching Gasoline Engine - The 2/4SIGHT Concept

149 De Sercey, G, Awcock, G.J. and Heikal, M.R. (2005) Use of LIF image acquisition and analysis in developing a calibrated technique for in-cylinder investigation of the spatial distribution of air-to-fuel mixing in direct injection gasoline engines. Compute

150 Sazhin, S.S., Abdelghaffar, W.A., Sazhina, E.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2005) Models for droplet transient heating: effects on droplet evaporation, ignition, and break-up. International journal of thermal sciences, 44 (7). pp. 610-622. ISSN 1290-0729

151 Sazhin, S.S., Abdelghaffar, W.A., Krutitskii, P.A., Sazhina, E.M. and Heikal, M.R. (2005) New approaches to numerical modelling of droplet transient heating and evaporation. International journal of heat and mass transfer, 48 (19-20). pp. 4215-4228. ISSN

152 Demory, R., Crua, C., Gold, M.R., Heikal, M.R., (2006) Measuring and processing in-cylinder measurements of NO and OH obtained by laser-induced fluorescence in a diesel rapid compression machine. Proceedings of 13th International Symposium on Applications

153 Laguitton, O., Crua, C., Cowell, T., Heikal, M.R., and Gold, M.R. (2006) The effect of compression ration on exhaust emissions from a PCCI diesel engine. Proceedings of 19th International Conference Efficiency, Cost, Optimisation, Simulation and Environm

154 Sazhin, S.S., Martynov, S.M., Shishkova, I., Crua, C., Karimi, K., Gorokhovski, M., Sazhina, E.M., Heikal, M.R. (2006) Modelling of droplet heating, evaporation and break-up: recent developments. Proceedings of 13th International Heat Transfer Conference

155 Karimi, K., Sazhina, E.M., Abdelghaffar, W.A., Crua, C., Cowell, T., Heikal, M.R., Gold, M.R. (2006) Development in diesel spray characterisation and modelling. Proceedings of THIESEL 2006, 13-15 September 2006, Valencia, Spain

156 Martynov, S.B., Sazhin, S.S., Crua, C., Gorokhovsky, M.A., Chtab, A., Sazhina, E.M., Karimi, K., Kristyadi, T., Heikal, M.R. (2007) Effects of droplet breakup, heating and evaporation on autoignition of Diesel sprays. UK-Israel Workshop ?Sprays: Mode

157 Begg, S.M., Hindle, M.P., Cowell, T., Heikal, M.R. (2007) The effect of intake valve lift on the mixture preparation processes of a port fuel-injected engine. Proceedings of ECOS 2007, 25-28 June 2007, Padova, Italy

158 Sazhin, S.S., Crua, C., Martynov, S.B., Kristyadi, T., Heikal, M.R. (2007) Advanced models for droplet heating and evaporation: effect on the autoignition of diesel fuel sprays. Proceedings of 3rd European Combustion Meeting (ECM2007), 11-13 April 2007

159 Sazhin, S.S., Martynov, S., Kristyadi, T., Crua, C., Heikal, M.R. (2007) Models for droplet heating and evaporation: application to simulation of the autoignition process in diesel engines. PTNSS Kongres 2007, 20-23 May 2007, Krakow, Poland

160 Karimi, K., Crua, C., Heikal, M.R., Sazhina, E.M. (2007) Split injection strategy for diesel sprays: experiment and modelling. PTNS Kongres 2007, 20-23 May 2007, Krakow, Poland

161 Laguitton, O., Crua, C., Cowell, T., Heikal, M.R., Gold, M.R. (2007) The effect of compression ratio on exhaust emissions from a PCCI diesel engine, Energy and Conversion Management, 48 (11), pp 2918-2924

162 Saeed, K., Heikal, M.R., Hamid, M. (2007) Modelling of premixed laminar combustion of hydrogen oxygenated fuel inside a closed spherical vessel, SAE paper 2007-01-0068

163 Sazhin, S.S., Kristyadi, T., Heikal, M.R., Abdelghaffar, W.A. and Shishkova, I.N. (2007) Fuel droplet heating and evaporation: analysis of liquid and gas phase models. In: SAE paper 07SFL-18-2007-01-0019. Society of Automotive Engineers

164 Sazhin, S, Krutitskii, P.A., Martynov, S.B., Mason, D.J., Heikal, M.R. and Sazhina, E.M. (2007) Transient heating of a semitransparent spherical body. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 46 (5). pp. 444-457

165 Sazhin, S.S., Shishkova, I.N., Kryukov, A.P., Levashov, V.Yu. and Heikal, M.R. (2007) Evaporation of droplets into a background gas: Kinetic modelling. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 50 (13-14). pp. 2675-2691. ISSN 0017-9310

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COMPUTATIONAL AND EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF CHARGE AIR FLOW IN A VEHICLE INTERCOOLER SYSTEM - Vol. 7 '1994 - International Heat Transfer Conference 10

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HYDRODYNAMIC AND KINETIC MODELS OF DROPLET HEATING AND EVAPORATION: ANALYSIS AND APPLICATIONS

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ADVANCES IN NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF FLUID FLOW, HEAT TRANSFER AND FLOW FRICTION CHARACTERISTICS OF COMPACT HEAT EXCHANGER SURFACES

Analytical and numerical modelling of convective and radiative heating of fuel droplets in diesel engines

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Numerical Modeling of Droplet Transient Heating and Evaporation

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AIR CONDITIONING

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DROPLET HEATING AND EVAPORATION - RECENT RESULTS AND UNSOLVED PROBLEMS

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