ThermodynamicsのA-Zガイド、熱&アンプ、質量移動、流体工学
English Русский 中文 Português Español Français Deutsch 概要 編集委員会 連絡先 アクセス Begell House
View in A-Z Index

French physicist J. B. Biot, best known for his work in polarization of light, was born in Paris on April 21, 1774. In 1800, he became Professor of Physics at the College de France through the influence of Laplace, from whom he had sought and obtained the favor of reading the proof sheets of the “Mecanique Celeste”.

J. B. Biot, although younger than Fourier, worked on the analysis of heat conduction even earlier — in 1802 or 1803. He attempted, unsuccessfully, to deal with the problem of incorporating external convection effects in heat conduction analysis in 1804. Fourier read Biot’s work and by 1807 had determined how to solve the problem.

In 1804, he accompanied Gay Lussac on the first balloon ascent undertaken for scientific purposes. In 1820, with Felix Savart, he discovered the law known as “Biot and Savart’s Law”. He was especially interested in questions relating to the polarization of light and for his achievements in this field, he was awarded the Rumford Medal of the Royal Society in 1840. He died in Paris on Feb. 3, 1862.

Figure 1. 

表示回数: 13997 記事追加日: 2 February 2011 記事最終修正日: 10 February 2011 ©著作権 2010-2021 トップへ戻る
A-Z索引 著者/編集者 意味マップ ビジュアルギャラリー 寄稿 Guest