Chloroform (CHCl3) is a colorless, sweet-smelling, moderately volatile liquid that is slightly soluble in water. It is produced by the chlorination of methyl chloride. It is moderately toxic and narcotic. Prolonged inhalation can be fatal. Its usage has been dramatically decreased in the last 50 years and it is nowadays mainly used as a raw material in the production of HCFC-22.
Some of its physical characteristics are:
|Molecular weight: 119.4||Critical temperature: 536.4 K|
|Melting point: 209.9 K||Critical pressure: 5.470 MPa|
|Normal boiling point: 334.5 K||Critical density: 498 kg/m3|
Beaton, C. P. and Hewitt, G. F. (1989) Physical Property Data for the Design Engineer, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, New York. DOI: 10.1016/0300-9467(89)80011-5